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Letter from James Madison Bowler to his wife, Lizzie, from Little Rock, Arkansas, providing further comment on the news of President Lincoln’s death – April 22, 1865

Wednesday, April 22nd, 2015

Letter from James Madison Bowler to his wife, Lizzie, from Little Rock, Arkansas, providing further comment on the news of President Lincoln’s death.

A partial transcription of the letter:

Little Rock, Ark., April 22, 1865.
Dear Lizzie:
[…] Our late victories have been most complete and glorious; but the sad calamity which has befallen the Nation in the death of our beloved President, turns our joy to grief, our symbols of of rejoicing into the habiliments of mourning. How hard it is to make ourselves believe that this dreadful news is a reality. We are not only shocked at the deed, but are completely lost in sorrow and sympathy for the cruel death of him we all had so much reason to love and admire, and who deserved a better fate. But Abraham Lincoln is not dead as other men die, he lives, like Washington, in the hearts of his countrymen. Yes, in the hearts of every man, woman, and child throughout the civilized nation of the world, except such as have besotted their hearts in sin and treason. May Providence soothe the sorrow of his bereaved wife and children.  […]
Ever your loving
Madison


See whole letter here: 1865-04-22_Bowler

Citation: April 22, 1865. Letter from James Madison Bowler to Lizzie, Correspondence, undated, 1829-1865. Bowler, James Madison and Family, Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P1330]

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“Last Public Speech of Mr. Lincoln” and “Mobile”, Saint Paul Pioneer and Democrat – April 21, 1865

Tuesday, April 21st, 2015

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Confederate Rifle

Tuesday, April 21st, 2015

A percussion rifle of about .54 caliber. The rifle’s buttstock reads “Jas Bishop 17 LA RED C” [17th Louisiana Regiment, Company C]. The rifle was retrieved from the Civil War battlefield at Vicksburg, Mississippi, by General John B. Sanborn of the Fourth Minnesota Infantry Regiment while his division performed garrison duty after the surrender. The rifle is half-stocked in walnut, has engraved nickel-silver mountings, an octagonal barrel, and the original ramrod tipped with brass. Made by Henry E. Leman in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this rifle in our collections database.

(Note: The comments section has been temporarily disabled while we upgrade the website. You can always leave comments on our Flickr Photostream at http://www.flickr.com/photos/minnesotahistoricalsociety/)

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“Death of President Lincoln”, “The Great Tragedy” and “Inauguration of Andrew Johnson”, The Rochester Republican – April 19, 1865

Sunday, April 19th, 2015

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Abraham Lincoln Commemorative Ribbon – April 1865

Saturday, April 18th, 2015

Silk ribbon commemorating the death of President Abraham Lincoln. Center of ribbon features a black and white drawing of Lincoln, with the words “THE LATE / Lamented / President / Lincoln” written below. Written at the top are the dates of Lincoln’s death, as well as a quote.

Citation: April 18, 1865. Minnesota Historical Society collections [PUID 1985.142.4].

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A letter to Sergeant Thomas Christie of the First Minnesota Battery from Minnesota Governor Stephen Miller, responding to an April 12 letter regarding a piece of captured artillery – April 17, 1865

Friday, April 17th, 2015

A letter to Sergeant Thomas Christie of the First Minnesota Battery from Minnesota Governor Stephen Miller, responding to an April 12 letter regarding a piece of captured artillery.
A transcription of the letter:

State of Minnesota
Executive Department
Saint Paul, April 17, 1865
Sergeant Thomas D. Christie,
Clyman, Dodge Co, Minn
My Dear sir,
Your favor of the 12th instant just received informing me that a Blakely gun forwarded as a present to the State, by the 1st Minn Battery, has been deposited at Baltimore, where it remains for want of means to pay the freight. The Company has done its state of the work very nobly, and I will very cheerfully [ap…] the transportation on behalf of the State. I will order it home and will place it with other trophies in the State Arsenal, with an inscription engraved upon it, commemorating the gallant company, whose signal services during the campaigns of Gen’l Sherman have reflected honor upon the State of Minnesota.
Very Respfy Yours
Stephen Miller
Gov’r Minn

Citation:  April 17, 1865. Letter from Governor Stephen Miller to Thomas Christie. James C. Christie and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P1281, box B]

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Diary entry by Thomas Montgomery of the 7th Minnesota Regiment, Company K – April 15, 1865

Wednesday, April 15th, 2015

Cloudy. Heavy rain. Relieved Capt MCoy as Reg. Of. of Day. Visited the Boat “Adams” saw the Com. Sub. Capt. Howard & received $50.00 & paid it over to Capt. Laughlin & Whitford & received their receipts. $158.64 still due.

Citation: April 15, 1865. Diary entry by Thomas Montgomery, Diary, 1865. Thomas Montgomery and family papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P2812 box 1]

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Letter from James Madison Bowler to his wife, Lizzie, reporting from his Little Rock, Arkansas location and commenting on the good news for the Union forces at Richmond – April 14, 1865

Tuesday, April 14th, 2015

Letter from James Madison Bowler to his wife, Lizzie, reporting from his Little Rock, Arkansas location and commenting on the good news for the Union forces at Richmond.
A partial transcription of the letter:

Little Rock, Ark
April 14th, 1865.

Dear Lizzie:
[…] We have received the glorious news of the capture of Richmond and of General Lee and his army. Also a rumor of the capture of Johnston and his army. There has been great rejoicing here. Yesterday and day before two hundred guns were fired in honor of our success. Last night there was an illumination in Little Rock, accompanied with bonfires, rockets, noise, and bad whisky. The war is virtually to an end. Peace must soon follow. What a grand, glorious result of four years of strife! The joy is exceeded only by my gratitude to God who has vouchsafed our national safety and about ended our sacrifices of blood. […]
Ever Your Loving,
Madison


See entire letter here: 1865-04-16_BowlerPDF

Citation: April 14, 1865. Letter from James Madison Bowler to Lizzie, Correspondence, undated, 1829-1865. Bowler, James Madison and Family, Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P1330]

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“Victory!! All Lee’s Army Surrendered!”, The Saint Cloud Democrat – April 13, 1865

Monday, April 13th, 2015

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A letter from Thomas Christie to MN Governor Miller reporting on a piece of artillery – April 12, 1865

Sunday, April 12th, 2015

A letter from Thomas D. Christie, Sergeant First Minnesota Battery, to Minnesota Governor Stephen Miller reporting on the piece of artillery which was a gift from Capt. Clayton of the First Minnesota to the State of Minnesota, and how it was acquired.
A partial transcription of the letter:

Clyman, Dodge Co. Wis
April 12, 1865

Governor Stephen H. Miller
St. Paul-
Sir,
I am a Sergeant of the First Minnesota Battery, now at home on Veteran furlough, and write to tell you that I brought to Baltimore, Md, a piece of Artillery which was given into the charge of Sergt. Gordon and myself to take home and present to you as a gift from Capt. Clayton of our Battery to the State of Minnesota. We got the trophy as far as Baltimore without much trouble, but could get it no further without paying for it, transportation ourselves, which could hardly be expected of us in view of the fact that our pay is now 8 months in arrears. […] When our Army Corps captured Cheraw S.C. on the 3rd. […] we found […] a park of 27 pieces of Artillery which the Enemy had been unable to get off. […] all of them except three were rendered useless and thrown into the Peedee. One of these three is the piece I left at Baltimore. Capt. Clayton obtained permission from Maj. Genl. Blair to bring it along from Cheraw, in order that it might be presented to the State of Minnesota as a trophy of Sherman’s Carolina Campaign[…] It is a Blakely, of three & a half inch caliber, and made in Liverpool in 1862 – a very interesting specimen of British neutrality, I assure you. […]
I remain, with respect
Your obt. Servt.
Thos. D. Christie
Sergt 1st Minn. Battery


See the entire letter here: 1865-04-12_Christie_combined

Citation:  April 12, 1865. Letter from Thomas Christie. James C. Christie and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P1281, box B]

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An Ounce of Preservation: A Guide to the Care of Papers and Photographs