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Diary entry by Thomas Montgomery of the 7th Minnesota Regiment, Company K – March 18, 1865

Wednesday, March 18th, 2015

Clear, mild and lovely day. Relieved by Capt. Hudson and made my report. Received a letter from Father and mother & one from Mrs. Libbelts. St. Peter Land Office Sent a letter to Bro. Alex. Lieut Roberts returned to duty in the compy. from S.D. Copied several orders into the Co. Order Book.

Citation: March 18, 1865. Diary entry by Thomas Montgomery, Diary, 1864. Thomas Montgomery and family papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P2812 box 1]

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A personal letter from Ebenezer Brewer Mattocks, a surgeon in the Minnesota Seventh Regiment, to his sister Nellie describing the area and the regiment’s next move – March 17, 1865

Tuesday, March 17th, 2015

A personal letter from Ebenezer Brewer Mattocks, a surgeon in the Minnesota Seventh Regiment, to his sister Nellie, written from Dauphin Island, Alabama, describing the area and the regiment’s next move.
A partial transcription of the letter:

Dauphin Island
Mobile Bay March 17th
My Dear Sister Nellie
[…] We are now at Fort Gaines at the entrance to Mobile Bay. The island is about twelve miles long and rather pleasant. It is mostly sand, but part of it is covered with pine trees. Our camp is near the beach, […] Now and then there are terribly storms, washing the waves a great ways up the beach. […] I suppose our long [play] spell is just coming to a close and I expect daily orders to move on Mobile. The city is about 20 miles from here. We hear cannonading from that direction occasionally. I think it is from our gun boats [fuling] of their forts. […]
Your aff brother
Brewer Mattocks


See entire letter here: 1865-03-17_Brewer_combined

Citation: March 17, 1865. Mattocks, Ebenezer Brewer, 1841-1934.  Ebenezer Brewer Mattocks and Family Papers.  Correspondence and related papers , 1830-1911. Minnesota Historical Society, Box 1. [P1452]

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“Sheridan”, “State News” and “Grant’s Army”, The Wabasha County Herald – March 16, 1865

Monday, March 16th, 2015

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Handwritten pass for Thomas Christie to forage – March 14, 1865

Saturday, March 14th, 2015

A small, handwritten pass advising the guards to allow Thomas D. Christie and others through the lines for the purpose of foraging for the First Minnesota Battery in the field in North Carolina.
A transcription of the pass:

Hd Qrs 1st Minn Battery
In the Field N.C. March 14, 65

Guards & Pickets
Will Pass the Bearer Sergt Thomas D Christie & Six Men until further Orders. they being detailed as regular foragers for the First Minnesota Battery.
Wm Z Clayton
Capt Comdy Battery



Citation:  March 14, 1865. Pass for Thomas Christie. James C. Christie and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P1281, box B]

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Letter from Thomas Christie to his father – March 12, 1865

Thursday, March 12th, 2015

Partial Transcript:

We have had for 6 weeks a most active campaign. As usual, nothing but success has attended us since we left Pocotaligo…Marching slowly, on the second of Feb. we struck the enemy in some force at the bridge over the Salkehatchie;…Our fellows waded across 27 streams, some of them waist deep, fighting all the way; General Smith and Belknap on foot with their swards drawn, at the head of their men.  On the 4th we were all across the swamp.  Rain day and night, bottomless mud, and the rebel rearguard, all combined could not stop us…On the 11th we advanced to the North Edisto, where the Johnnies again disputted the passage.  The next day we kept them amused by shelling them; til one of the regiments of our Division swam the river and flanked them out.They retreated hastily, setting fire to the town of Orangeburg as they left. That night we crossed, rode through the streets of the flaming city, and camped in the suburbs.  On the next day, the 13th, we took the road to Columbia…On the 3rd of March we reached Cheraw, where we found some 40 pieces of artillery and immense quantities of ammunition, which had been sent up from Charleston; all these we destroyed except one gun.  This is a Blakely, a splendid piece, made in England.  Gen. Blair gave it to the Capt. To present to the state of Minn…The taking of Charlston we justly claim as another feather in the cap of Sherman’s Army; for it was in consequence of our movements that the enemy were compelled to leave the much battered city…When we came to one of the numerous cypress swamps, the artillery and wagon trains would halt; the brigades of infantry would then advance into the swamp, each man carrying a rail on his shoulder; this he would throw down in the proper place, and pass on.  In this way miles of fences were changed into corduroy roads, for the passage of our wheels.  Lieut. Budlong and his Corps of Pioneers were most efficient.  I have often seen them standing in water up to their knees, chopping down trees for bridges.  We shall not stay here long; the grand campaign against Richmond must soon begin…

Citation: March 12, 1865. Letter from Thomas Christie as it appears in Brothers of Mines: The Civil War Letters of Thomas & William Christie, Edited by Hampton Smith, 2011, The Minnesota Historical Society.

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Civil War Scale

Thursday, March 12th, 2015

A collapsible physician’s scale in a wooden case. The scale was collected from a medical school in Mobile, Alabama after the Battle of Mobile Bay (a major naval engagement of the Civil War) in August of 1864. The rectangular case has brass clasps and pin latches on its front. Oval and rectangular brass plates are screwed into place on its top, and two brass hinges attach to its back. The case holds a variety of brass weighing instruments, including balances, scales, weights, and bowls.

For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this scale in our collections database.

(Note: The comments section has been temporarily disabled while we upgrade the website. You can always leave comments on our Flickr Photostream at http://www.flickr.com/photos/minnesotahistoricalsociety/)

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Diary entry by Thomas Montgomery of the 7th Minnesota Regiment, Company K – March 11, 1865

Wednesday, March 11th, 2015

Clear nice day. 65th moving over the levee. River Still rising and covering our camp. Had a shave and hair cut & mustache dyed, $1.50. Had dress parade. 1st Lieut. A.Y. Kreps relieved from special duty in Co. H. & reported back to Co. “K” for duty, absent since last September.

Citation: March 11, 1865. Diary entry by Thomas Montgomery, Diary, 1864. Thomas Montgomery and family papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P2812 box 1]

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“Official War Bulletin”, “Exchange of Prisoners” and “From the South”, The Saint Paul Pioneer and Democrat – March 10, 1865

Tuesday, March 10th, 2015

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“Latest News by Telegraph”, and “Our Washington Letter”, The Saint Cloud Democrat – March 9, 1865

Monday, March 9th, 2015

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“Glorious News from Sheridan” and “Second Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln”, The Stillwater Messenger – March 7, 1865

Saturday, March 7th, 2015

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An Ounce of Preservation: A Guide to the Care of Papers and Photographs