Journal entry by Sergeant George Buckman of Company G, 1st Minnesota, and “Latest News By Telegraph,” “The War in Virginia,” and “From Chattanooga,” Saint Paul Daily Press – November 8, 1863
Partial transcription of Buckman’s journal entry:
Nov 8th 1863. Sunday – At a halt […]
[…] busy in repairing [Warrenton] Rail Road. The road was totally destroyed by the rebels after the battle at Bristoe Station. The ties were taken up, the rails piled on them and then burnt, leaving the rails in the form of a rainbow. Camped near the Ford last night, having marched 20 miles. Was very tired, feet and limbs aching painfully, eight days rations make a heavy load in addition to the other things which a soldier has to carry. The third corps crossed the river towards night, having a sharp skirmish in getting over , the men wading the stream, capturing 500 prisoners in the rifle pits. […]
In a piece of woods near where I am writing the enemy has built excellent quarters for winter. The sudden appearance of Meade has compelled them to vacate. To the right I hear cannonading. The movement of the army is general. Yesterday was a severe march, as severe probably as any during the summer. the dust nearly suffocated me, filling my eyes, ears and nostrils. A dirtier looking set of men are seldom seen than we presented that night. Fortunately for us, a good camping ground in a thick piece of timber shielded us from the cold wind at night.
[…] The enemy has been evidently taken by surprise. I saw after leaving their new quarters, a number of muskets and cooking utensils which they had thrown away in their eagerness to escape. The guns were destroyed by our men by breaking them over rocks; some were thrown into the fire and thus rendered useless.
Citation: November 8, 1863, Sergeant George Buckman journal entry. George Buckman Civil War Papers, 1861-1864, 1897. Minnesota Historical Society. [P2662]