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Archive for March, 2013

Paymaster instructions detailing procedures for the pay roll – March 31, 1863

Sunday, March 31st, 2013


Washington, March 31, 1863.
To the Commandant of Company G
1 Regiment Minn Vols

Your attention is respectfully called to the following suggestions, a close attention to which will save much trouble to you and the paymaster.

Each soldier must sign his name on the roll exactly as it is mustered; if the name is wrong, the roll must not be altered, except in my presence, and then the certificate of the Commandant must be attached, certified to by the mustering officer, stating the alterations.

Be particular that each soldier signs his name on the same line, on right-hand side of pay roll, as it is written on the left.

Every signature must be witnessed by a commissioned officer of the company; if none present, then by some commissioned officer of the regiment.

Where a soldier cannot write his name, he must make his mark as follows, viz: John X Smith; and the words, “his mark,” must be written by the officer acting as witness.

No officer or soldier can draw the pay of another soldier, even if he has signed the rolls, without a written order in ink, witnessed by a commissioned officer.

No power of attorney, to draw the pay due a soldier absent from his regiment, will be recognized, except those on picket, guard, or camp duty, or when temporarily absent, and then such powers of attorney must be legally drawn, authorizing the party to sign and receipt for his money, which power must be witnessed by a commissioned officer.

No alterations or additions can be made on the rolls by any person at all; any violation of this will prevent payment on them.

Allotments cannot be stopped, except by the written consent of the assignee, certified to by the commanding officer of regiment or battery.

All officers on leave of absence, except in case of sickness and wounds, draw only half pay and emoluments, and no more, under act of March 3, 1863.

All remarks affecting officers’ or soldiers’ pay should be carried forward, and borne on every muster roll until paid.

All soldiers who have been absent and claim back pay must produce certificate from officer in charge of camp, or surgeon of hospital they were in, that they have not been paid at such camp or hospital, and if he has been to more than one hospital, he will be required to produce certificate from each.

Particular attention is called to General Order 97, of 1862, in relation to clothing account, and the manner it is to be stated on the rolls.

Chaplains while absent from regiment draw no pay whatever, “except on duty.”

Respectfully submitted BY THE PAYMASTER

Citation:  March 31, 1863 Letter from the Paymaster, Miscellaneous Papers, Co. G. undated, 1861-1864. United States. Army. Minnesota Infantry Regiment, 1st (1861-1864). Regimental Records. Minnesota Historical Society. [P615]

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Diary entry by Matthew Marvin – March 30, 1863

Saturday, March 30th, 2013

Diary entry by Matthew Marvin of the 1st Minnesota Regiment, written from the 1st Minnesota’s camp at Stafford Hills near Falmouth, Virginia. During the past week Marvin was on three inspections, wrote and received letters, and endured rain and “cold March winds”. He also “Drilled the company in manuel of arms” and “Took an inventory of property to be condemed”.

On Monday March 30, Marvin writes: Was on Battallion drill[.] Maj Adams in command[.] Charle Parks was here today[,] he look[s] rough[.] Recd letter from L.G. Wrote to E, L, G & to Eugene[.] Weather pleasant

See whole week of Marvin’s diary: 1863-03-30_Marvin_combined_3-25_3-30

Citation: March 25-30, 1863 Diary entries by Matthew Marvin, Diary notes and memos. Matthew Marvin Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. [P2355 box 1]

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Oscar Mayer Wienermobile

Friday, March 29th, 2013

Oscar Meyer Wienermobile

Toy version of the Wienermobile, the hot dog-shaped vehicle used to advertise Oscar Mayer meat products.  A plastic likeness of Little Oscar, the Oscar Mayer mascot, rises and falls from a cavity in the vehicle’s top as it rolls backwards and forwards. Manufactured circa 1965.

For details, view the Wienermobile in our online collections database.

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“Latest News,” including “The Rebel Invasion of Kentucky,” St. Paul Daily Press – March 29, 1863

Friday, March 29th, 2013

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1870 tintype

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

1870 tintype

Two women (tentatively identified as Harriet Varner and Mrs. Lucius N. Parker) pose for a tintype portrait in a photography studio circa 1870. Photographer unknown.

For details, view the tintype in our online collections database.

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“A Great Army Hospital,” “War News,” and “Things About Town and Country,” The Valley Herald,Chaska – March 28, 1863

Thursday, March 28th, 2013

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Wednesday, March 27th, 2013


Wood and brass viewfinder, or stereoscope, patented in 1866 and manufactured during the 1880s. Stereoscopes combine the twin images of stereoptical slides within one plane of vision, producing a three-dimensional effect. The viewfinder was grasped at the bottom and a slide inserted into the slot at one end, as shown in the picture below.

Example of a stereoscopic slide:

For details, view the stereoscope in our online collections database.

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“The Conscription Law–Has Congress the Power to Destroy the States Governments?” “”General Sibley’s Reply to the Leading Citizens and Business Firms of St. Paul, Indicating His Acceptance of the Brigadier Generalship, to which he is Nominated,” and “The News,” St. Paul Pioneer & Democrat – March 27, 1863

Wednesday, March 27th, 2013

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Elmer Ray

Tuesday, March 26th, 2013

Elmer Ray

Photograph of boxer Elmer “Kid Violent” Ray at home with one of his heavyweight boxing championship trophies. Captured by a Minneapolis newspaper photographer on September 10, 1946.

For details, view the photograph in our online collections database.

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Letter from Charles Goddard of the 1st Minnesota to his mother and a letter from Marvin O. Farnsworth of the Fifth Minnesota Regiment, Company “F”, to his sister – March 26, 1863

Tuesday, March 26th, 2013

From Goddard:
Camp near Falmouth
March 26th 1863
Dear Mother[,] your kind letter dated the 15th of this month, I received last evening[.] For the past two or three days, I have not been doing any duty, on account of my leg which I spraind playing ball. the necessaty of keeping still a few days I saw wright off, and acordingly did so.  The swelling is going down, and I think it will be as well as evr in a few days[.] The Irish Brigade celebrated St. Patricks day with great pomp. General Meagher supertinding the sports. First on the list came a horse race, the officers only being alowed on the course.   The course was about a mile long, with four places for to jump over, one being on the first[,] second[,] third[,] and fourth quarter of the mile[.] On the first heat, after the bugal had been blown for them to start and when they came to the first jump, there was three horseman dismounted[.] They wer very poor horsemen. Gen Meagher[‘s] horse won the first race and the second was won by a Lieut in Artilery[.] I don’t know what his name was, then came the foot race and a number of other things that I did not stop to see for the officers wer all getting drunk and it was not safe for a private who had to take it on foot or not at all, so I took my leave with a not very good opinion of Gen Meagher and his gallant Irish Brigade[.] There was a number of men run over and hurt, but I guess there was none killed, although I heard there was one killed.   There was [9] men in Hancocks Division that had their hair shaved part off and the other half being left on to make it look bad and then drummed out of the U.S. service through the Division that was drawn up in line.  they marched to the tune of the Rogues march.  they did not seem to care much and looked as if they wer glad enough to get out of the service that way.  I have not forgot what you told me before I left home[,] that if I could not be something better than a corporal I would remain a private. I am not a corporal and more than that I don’t intend to be[.]  Brink has come back, he has been off on a furlough to Steuben Co New York and he fetched with him a satchel full of cakes and butter so I think our squad will live on the top shelf for a while[.]  I do not think that there will be any more furloughs given[.]  I have heard that the river is open, prety early I think[.] Mr Warner of our company has gone home to Winona on a sick furlough[.] you need not take every thing he sais for true[;] he tell some prety big stories.  I have not the least fear but you will be treated as good as a person could wish[.] I should think, after reading your last letter, that you wer enjoying yourself and very glad am I to hear it.  I should not feel half as good, if I should hear that you wer neglected by evry body[.] Mother enjoy your self as much as you can and do not trouble your self about me, for I think I can get along very well. We received those socks and mittens that wer sent in behalf of the Ladies of Winona, and are very much obliged to them.  Capt Periam has come back and he brought that bundle you sent to me[.] The Captain looks very well.  I would recommend the climate of Minn for sick folks[.] I would like very much to try it my self although I am not sick[.] I am very much obliged to you for those things you sent by the Capt to me[.]
Tell Orren to hurry and write[.] I am looking for a letter from him every day
Give my best respects to all my Friends
Your son Chas E Goddard
K Co
P.S. Those papers that I promised to send to you, I have not received myself[.] I sent the money but did not get the paper[.]

See Goddard’s whole letter here: 1863-03-26_Smith_combined

From Farnsworth:
Jackson Tenn March 26th 1863., General Hospital No 1
dear sister
I received yours of the 20th and was very glad to hear from you[.] your letter found me in pretty good condition but I have ben pretty bad off[,] but I am reganing my health very fast[.] I haven’t ben confined to my bed over a week since I came here and I think there is a fare prospect of my getting well right of[.] the doctor tells me that he will give me a discharge if he should I will return home sone[.] I don’t think I will ever be fit for the cervice again on the acount of my lungs[;] they are very weak and they wont ever be sound again[.] I haven’t received any money yet from Uncle Sam and that is the most inconvenient of it all[.]
I received a letter from Ed and he wanted me to send an order to Wm Hendricks for that money he oed me and I will send it to you and you se that Mother gets it for she stands in nead of it[.] I think I will be home in about 5 weeks but don’t look for me untill I come[.] but you must wright so I can hear from you if I shouldn’t come[.] I send my respects to all of the folks and acquaintences[.] I will end up hoping to hear from all of you often[.] I remain yours truly[,] Marvin O Farnsworth

direct to General Hospital No 1 Ward F Jackson Tenn

Note: Marvin O. Farnsworth would die on August 11, 1863, in Memphis, Tennessee

See whole Farnsworth letter here: 1863-03-26_Farnsworth_combined

March 26, 1863, Letter from Charles Goddard to his mother, Correspondence 1853-1862. Smith, Orrin Fruit and Family Papers, 1829-1932. Minnesota Historical Society. [P1434 box 1]
March 26, 1863, Letter from Marvin O. Farnsworth to his sister. Farnsworth (Jerome and Family) papers, undated, 1861-1902. Minnesota Historical Society. [P513]

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An Ounce of Preservation: A Guide to the Care of Papers and Photographs

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